At Home in the Huddle 2."
The New York State Historical Association awarded its Kerr History Prize to Christopher Geherin for the best article in New York History in 2010. The title itself says a lot:
New Guinea: Racial Identity and Inclusion in the Stockbridge and Brothertown Indian Communities of New York
The full text of the article - along with old photos and maps - is found in the e-Journal, New York History.
Blogger's note: Hey, I'm sorry, everybody. It seems that the New York History e-journal is now a subscription site. Here's their address: http://www.fenimoreartmuseum.org/digital_subscription_nyh
Here are a few things that Geherin addresses:
1. William Gardner's status is something I addressed in an earlier post, but Geherin has more to say:
In 1824 the Stockbridge tribal council formally adopted William Gardner, identifying him as Narragansett. But in 1826 the legislature of New York defined Gardner as "coloured," and by the 1870s the tribe sought to exclude the Gardners by characterizing the family as "negro."2. Rev. John Sergeant [Jr.] "mentioned preaching to a small nearby settlement of mulattoes."
3. Names of those (apparently only "heads of families") who lived in the so-called "New Guinea" settlement: Nathaniel, Joshua, and Peter Pendleton; John Baldwin; Henry and George Cook; and Margaret Reid
It should go without saying that Geherin did careful research and documented his sources. Please refer to his article if you would like to check them.
Christopher Geherin, "New Guinea: Racial Identity and Inclusion in the Stockbridge and Brothertown Indian Communities of New York," New York History; Summer 2009